Far from the bustling tourism hotspot in Bali’s south is the city of Singaraja, the capital of Buleleng Regency on the island’s northern coast. Founded by the king of Buleleng, Ki Gusti Ngurah Panji Sakti, in 1604 on an empty grassland surrounded by buleleng – corn-like shrub widely planted by local residents at that time – the city, literally ‘Lion King’ after the indomitable ruler, gained prominence during Dutch colonial period on the island.
Following their successful campaigns using divide et impera (divide and rule) strategy to gain more control of regions across the Indonesian archipelago, in 1846 the Dutch eventually launched a military intervention to control Bali, still very much independent at that time but engulfed in conflicts among small kingdoms on the island.
But it was not until the third attempt in 1849 that the Dutch eventually defeated the Kingdom of Buleleng with…
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